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形容词比较结构:as...as的两种模式

长沙翻译公司之前小编与大家一起学习了形容词比较等级的构成方式,而形容词比较等级用于句子当中便形成了所谓的“比较结构”。英语比较结构最主要的有三种:as...as结构,more...than结构以及the most...结构。as...as结构意为“和...一样”,其用法主要如下:

一、基本模式:as+形容词原级+as-分句

1.主句主语与as-分句主语不同,比较项目相同,此时as-分句有所省略。如:

Jack is as clever as Tom.

2.主句主语与as-分句主语相同,但比较项目不同,此时as-分句不可用省略句。如:

The girl is as brilliant as she is beautiful. (这个女孩既漂亮又聪明。)

3.主句主语与as-分句主语不同,比较项目也不同,此时as-分句不可用省略句。如:

Her uncle was as base and unworthy as her father had been upright and honorable.

(她叔叔卑鄙龌龊,不像她父亲那样正直可敬。)

4.基本模式的否定形式:

Jack is not as clever as Tom. 或 Jack is less clever than Tom.

二、变体模式:

1. as many/much+名词+as-分句:

She has eaten as many apples as her sister.

He took as much water as he needed.

2. as+形容词原级+名词词组+as-分句:

Lucy is as clever a girl as her sister.

3. 变体模式的否定形式:

He didn’t take as much water as he needed.

需要注意的是,同一句话,采取基本模式和变体模式,它们的含义基本相同,但句子的侧重点有所不同。例如:

基本模式:I haven’t seen a car as old as this for years.(重点在名词car)

变体模式:I haven’t seen as old a car as this for years.(重点在形容词old)

三、as...as结构常用于形象比喻中:

as rich as a jew 极其富有 as cool as cucumber 沉着冷静

as light as a feather 轻如鸿毛 as soft as butter 性格软弱

as poor as a church mouse 一贫如洗 as clear as crystal 清澈透明,一清二楚

as busy as a bee 忙忙碌碌 as easy as ABC 相当容易

as deep as a well 高深莫测 as stubborn as a mule 非常顽固,倔脾气



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